Principles

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The NETmundial Principles


INTERNET GOVERNANCE PRINCIPLES

NETmundial identified a set of common principles and important values that contribute for an inclusive, multistakeholder, effective, legitimate, and evolving Internet governance framework and recognized that the Internet is a global resource which should be managed in the public interest.

HUMAN RIGHTS AND SHARED VALUES

Human rights are universal as reflected in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and that should underpin Internet governance principles. Rights that people have offline must also be protected online, in accordance with international human rights legal obligations, including the International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Those rights include, but are not limited to:

  • Freedom of expression: Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.
  • Freedom of association: Everyone has the right to peaceful assembly and association online, including through social networks and platforms.
  • Privacy: The right to privacy must be protected. This includes not being subject to arbitrary or unlawful surveillance, collection, treatment and use of personal data. The right to the protection of the law against such interference should be ensured.
    • Procedures, practices and legislation regarding the surveillance of communications, their interception and collection of personal data, including mass surveillance, interception and collection, should be reviewed, with a view to upholding the right to privacy by ensuring the full and effective implementation of all obligations under international human rights law.
  • Accessibility: persons with disabilities should enjoy full access to online resources Promote the design, development, production and distribution of accessible information, technologies and systems on the internet.
  • Freedom of information and access to information: Everyone should have the right to access, share, create and distribute information on the Internet, consistent with the rights of authors and creators as established in law.
  • Development: all people have a right to development and the Internet has a vital role to play in helping to achieve the full realization of internationally agreed sustainable development goals. It is a vital tool for giving people living in poverty the means to participate in development processes.

PROTECTION OF INTERMEDIARIES

Intermediary liability limitations should be implemented in a way that respects and promotes economic growth, innovation, creativity and free flow of information. In this regard, cooperation among all stakeholders should be encouraged to address and deter illegal activity, consistent with fair process.

CULTURE AND LINGUISTIC DIVERSITY

Internet governance must respect, protect and promote cultural and linguistic diversity in all its forms.

UNIFIED AND UNFRAGMENTED SPACE

Internet should continue to be a globally coherent, interconnected, stable, unfragmented, scalable and accessible network-of-networks, based on a common set of unique identifiers and that allows data packets/information to flow freely end- to-end regardless of the lawful content.

SECURITY, STABILITY AND RESILIENCE OF THE INTERNET

Security, stability and resilience of the Internet should be a key objective of all stakeholders in Internet governance. As a universal global resource, the Internet should be a secure, stable, resilient, reliable and trustworthy network. Effectiveness in addressing risks and threats to security and stability of the Internet depends on strong cooperation among different stakeholders.

OPEN AND DISTRIBUTED ARCHITECTURE

The Internet should be preserved as a fertile and innovative environment based on an open system architecture, with voluntary collaboration, collective stewardship and participation, and upholds the end-to-end nature of the open Internet, and seeks for technical experts to resolve technical issues in the appropriate venue in a manner consistent with this open, collaborative approach.

ENABLING ENVIRONMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE INNOVATION AND CREATIVITY

The ability to innovate and create has been at the heart of the remarkable growth of the Internet and it has brought great value to the global society. For the preservation of its dynamism, Internet governance must continue to allow permissionless innovation through an enabling Internet environment, consistent with other principles in this document. Enterprise and investment in infrastructure are essential components of an enabling environment.

INTERNET GOVERNANCE PROCESS PRINCIPLES

  • Multistakeholder: Internet governance should be built on democratic, multistakeholder processes, ensuring the meaningful and accountable participation of all stakeholders, including governments, the private sector, civil society, the technical community, the academic community and users. The respective roles and responsibilities of stakeholders should be interpreted in a flexible manner with reference to the issue under discussion.
  • Open, participative, consensus driven governance: The development of international Internet-related public policies and Internet governance arrangements should enable the full and balanced participation of all stakeholders from around the globe, and made by consensus, to the extent possible.
  • Transparent: Decisions made must be easy to understand, processes must be clearly documented and follow agreed procedures, and procedures must be developed and agreed upon through multistakeholder processes.
  • Accountable: Mechanisms for independent checks and balances as well as for review and redress should exist. Governments have primary, legal and political accountability for the protection of human rights.
  • Inclusive and equitable: Internet governance institutions and processes should be inclusive and open to all interested stakeholders. Processes, including decision making, should be bottom-up, enabling the full involvement of all stakeholders, in a way that does not disadvantage any category of stakeholder.
  • Distributed: Internet Governance should be carried out through a distributed, decentralized and multistakeholder ecosystem.
  • Collaborative: Internet governance should be based on and encourage collaborative and cooperative approaches that reflect the inputs and interests of stakeholders.
  • Enabling meaningful participation: Anyone affected by an Internet governance process should be able to participate in that process. Particularly, Internet governance institutions and processes should support capacity building for newcomers, especially stakeholders from developing countries and underrepresented groups.
  • Access and low barriers: Internet governance should promote universal, equal opportunity, affordable and high quality Internet access so it can be an effective tool for enabling human development and social inclusion. There should be no unreasonable or discriminatory barriers to entry for new users. Public access is a powerful tool for providing access to the Internet.
  • Agility: Policies for access to Internet services should be future oriented and technology neutral, so that they are able to accommodate rapidly developing technologies and different types of use.

OPEN STANDARDS

Internet governance should promote open standards, informed by individual and collective expertise and decisions made by rough consensus, that allow for a global, interoperable, resilient, stable, decentralized, secure, and interconnected network, available to all. Standards must be consistent with human rights and allow development and innovation.

People Embracing the Principles

I think highly of the multi-stakeholder-model in Internet governance
Junchao Wang
China
Academia
There is an urgent need to protect vulnerable young and adult individuals minds from harmful data and informations, a safe system to prove age, dbs (desclosure barring service), and mental fitness. Perhaps the need of a "Web Surf Licence" for everyone safety, just like a driving licence.
Joe G Vilardo
United Kingdom
Civil Society
بسبب معانا من اجل الحصول علی خدمات ومعايير مفتوحة وبروتوكولات تحقق استخدام امثل للانترنت ادعم واشارك مبادرة النت مونديال فجميع نقاطها تتحدث بالنيابة عن شخصي
Ebrahim Mohesn
Yemen
Technical Community
Creative industries, and particularly news content providers and publishers have a special duty to engage actively in the emerging global Internet governance and promote the principles of a free open web for an open digital society where opinions can be held without interference and where information and ideas can be sought, received, and imparted regardless of frontiers.
WAN-IFRA
Switzerland
Private Sector
The Internet is for everyone, it should be free, open and secure for all.
Hola Internet
Argentina
Civil Society
We are a No Profit Association for the Digital Alphabetization and service international information about critic situations and the best practices. The site link of news is on: http://www.massacritica.eu, an italian magazine, registrated. Our public is, for the most, between of people 22 and 37 years. All people writing on the site are volontary.
If you want send us your press news, we will happy to translate them and publish on the site.
massacritica
Italy
Other
women developmentallalevel
RURALDEVELOPMENTSOCIAL WORKSOCIETY
india
Civil Society
The Principles will facilitate or encourage innovation and innovation leads to the expansion of the internet. With expansion of the internet comes greater opportunities and a multiplication of economic and other benefits to individuals, organisations and governments.
Motunlolu Onabolu
Nigeria
Private Sector
I support the NETmundial Principles because I understand the importance of protecting the open, democratic architecture of the internet, and I recognize the efforts the NETmundial initiative makes in this regard.
Diego Galdo
Peru
Civil Society
I support internet of things and the principles of net mundial. More importantly was introduced to the move event by Dr Andile Ngcaba from my county SA
Patrick Makhubedu
South Africa
Private Sector

Diverse, global participation is a necessary component that embodies the NETmundial spirit and the multistakeholder, bottom-up approach endorsed as the way forward in improving the existing Internet governance framework. The global Internet community is invited to contribute proposals or ideas for distributed Internet governance. Contribute here.